2015. Aid Externalities: Evidence from PEPFAR in Africa. (with Melissa Lee) World Development, 67: 281-294.
Abstract:Do targeted aid programs have unintended consequences outside of the target issue area? We investigate this question with an examination of one of the largest targeted aid programs in the world: the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Critics of PEPFAR worry that a targeted program focusing on single diseases has a negative externality, in which the influx of massive amounts of target aid damages broader public health systems in countries that receive PEPFAR funds. Using a difference-in-differences identification strategy, we find statistical evidence that supports critics of targeted aid.
2014. Muslim Education in Africa: Trends and Attitudes Toward Faith-Based SchoolsReview of Faith and International Affairs, 12(2): 38-50.
Abstract: Religion is one of the strongest predictors of individuals’ educational attainment in contemporary Africa. Muslims often have fewer years of formal schooling than their Christian counterparts, in part a legacy of the predominantly Christian colonial education system. Today, schools founded by religious institutions – both Christian and Muslim – continue to comprise the majority of education facilities in many African countries. How has the gap in schooling between Christians and Muslims changed over time across countries? Is the gap in educational attainment closing?  How well have faith-based schools served religiously diverse populations in Africa, and how do parents view faith-based schools today? Employing survey and census data, this article shows where the gap in schooling is closing, and where it persists, suggesting possible explanations for variation in the schooling gap over time. A new survey in Uganda and data from the Eddata II surveys in Nigeria, Malawi, and Uganda provide evidence regarding the factors that influence parents’ school choice in the era of Free Primary Education, including the religious affiliation of the school.