That according to the recently released 2011 UN report, “Levels and Trends in Child Mortality“. For a relatively small country of around 32 million inhabitants, Uganda gets a terribly large chunk of the pie, as seen below (page 8 of the report). Uganda is the 10th largest contributor to child deaths worldwide.
The good news?
In Sub-Saharan Africa the average annual rate of reduction in under-five mortality has accelerated, doubling from 1990-2000 to 2000-2010. Six of the fourteen best-performing countries are in Sub-Saharan Africa, as are four of the five countries with the largest absolute reductions (more than 100 deaths per 1,000 live births).
The six best performers for a reduction in the rate of mortality are Madagascar, Malawi, Eritrea, Liberia, Niger, and Tanzania. The countries with the greatest reduction in child deaths in absolute terms are Niger, Malawi, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. What are they doing right?
Several months ago I downloaded ACCESS: How do good health technologies get to poor people in poor countries?, a book listed on Karen Grepin‘s excellent global health recommended reading list, but only just now have gotten around to reading it.
What is “access” in this context?
Stated simply, access refers to people’s ability to obtain and appropriately use good quality health technologies when they are needed. Access is not only a technical issue involving the logistics of transporting a technology from the manufacturer to the end-user. Access also involves social values, economic interests, and political processes. Access requires a product as well as services and is linked to how health systems perform in practice. We think of access not as a single event but as a process involving many activities and actors over time. Access is not a yes-or-no dichotomous condition, but rather a continuous condition of different degrees; more like a rheostat than an on-off switch.
Understanding the factors that help or hinder access to health technologies is a topic I am hoping to explore further in my own dissertation, so I’m looking forward to reading the rest of the book. ACCESS is available as a free download.
Earlier this summer, I read another of Karen Grepin’s suggestions, The Making of a Tropical Disease: A Short History of Malaria. It was fascinating, and highly recommended. I will post some excerpts and “fun” facts I learned soon. This one isn’t available as a free download, but is available on Kindle. And yes, I am a Kindle Convert.
Today marks the inaugural post of a new series, cleverly titled “cows“. Featured here are the cows of Kampala and beyond, just going about their business.
Cow-of-the-day: Norman of Naalya, 10:45am
Have your own cow photos? Send them along!